Location: Innis Woods Metro Garden, Westerville Ohio

Geographic coordinates: 40.101547, -82.899566

Inniswood metro gardens is located in Westerville, Ohio and is a 123 acre scenic nature preserve filled with multiple wildflowers and trees. It houses more than 2,000 species of plants. Inniswood is a great place to take a stroll around the park and take in all the scenery. Inniswood houses various plant communities including gardens such as rose, herb, conifer and woodlands. There is a total of ten gardens and six small trails.

www.metroparks.net/parks-and-trails/inniswood-metro-gardens

10 Trees:

Common Pawpaw, Asimina triloba, is in the family Annsoaceae. This small tree is native to eastern U.S. and Canada. Pawpaws like to grow along woodland edges and produces the largest edible fruit in North America. It prefers moist soil and can be grown in sun or shade. Pawpaw trees have fruits that taste like a combination of banana, pineapple, and mango. I found a couple of these trees while walking around Inniswoods.

http://dish.allrecipes.com/what-in-the-world-is-pawpaw/

http://www.uky.edu/hort/Pawpaw

American holly, Ilex opaca, is in the family Aquifoliaceae. This tree is native to the eastern and south U.S. When in bloom it has showy bright red or orange fruits. This fruit only grows on female plants. The fruits on this plant mature in October and continue through the winter. I found this plant walking around Inniswoods. I found a few of these at Inniswoods.

http://hort.uconn.edu/detail.php?pid=219

 

Cornus wilsoniana, also known as Ghost Dogwood, is in the family Cornaceae. This tree is native to China and was introduced to the U.S. in 1907. It grows to a range of 16-40 feet and blooms white flowers in May. This flower attracts butterflies. It grows in acidic, rich, moist soils in full sun. It has fruits that mature in September-October.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=362662&isprofile=0&=

Dawn redwood, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, is in the family Cypress. It is native from China, but has been planted around the world. It grows to about 70-100 feet and is great for shade because it has a canopy feature. It grows at a fast rate.  Dawn redwood was an ancient fossil until a small population was found in the forests of Central China in 1944. There was only one Dawn redwood that I spotted at Inniswoods.

https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=914

https://www.arkive.org/dawn-redwood/metasequoia-glyptostroboides/

Hamamelis virginiana, Common Witch Hazel is in the family Hamamelidacea. It is native to Eastern North America. It grows to about 15-20 feet tall. It is a fall blooming tree that blooms from October to December. It grows in medium moisture with well drained soil. Witch Hazel is a medicinal plant. The bark and leaves produce a topical astringent. I observed galls on the leaves. They are caused by various insects and mites. I found only 1 of these trees at Inniswoods.

http://www.bio.brandeis.edu/fieldbio/Wildflowers_Kimonis_Kramer/PAGES/WITCHHAZEL_PAGE_FINAL.html

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a749

Yulan magnolia, Magnolia denudata, is in the family Magnolaceae. This tree has been grown in China for at least 1000 years. This tree grows in moist rich soil. It has beautiful white flowers that are upright and cup-shaped. I found two of these trees at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a882

Black pine, Pinus nigra, is in the Pinaceae family. It is native to Japan and was introduced to the North America as an ornamental tree. Black pine has a growth rate of up to four feet per year. The Black Pine tree can tolerate several types of weather including snow, icy conditions, drought, and heat. I only found one Black pine at Inniswoods.

https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/common-non-native-trees/black-pine/

http://leafsnap.com/species/Pinus%20thunbergii/

 

 

Chinese Fringe tree, Chionanthus retusus, is in the Oleaceae family. It is native to Asia and was introduced to the U.S. in the 1800’s. It grows 10-20 feet and blooms between May and June. The Chinese Fringe tree is tolerant of air pollution and adapts well to urban settings. I spotted two Chinese Fringe tree at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b963

Manchurian Linden, Tilia mandshurica, is in the Tiliaceae family. It is native to northeast Asia. It is a large tree that reaches 65 to 130 feet tall. It has flowers that have both male and female parts that are pollinated by insects. In Britain, they are commonly known as “lime trees”, even though they are not closely related to the tree that produces the lime fruit.

https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/54856-Tilia

Catalpa, Catalpa speciosa, is in the family Bignoniaceae. It is native to a small area in the United States. It grows to about 40 to 70 feet tall and blooms May to June. The flowers have white with purple and yellow interior spotting. It likes full sun to part shade. It grows in medium to wet well drained soils and is tolerant of seasonal flooding. I found this tree in my back yard in Westerville.

5 Shrubs:

Viburnum plicatum, also know as Japanese Snowball is in the Adoaxaeae family. It is native to China and Japan and was introduced to the U.S. by the U.S. National Arboretum in 1979. This shrub grows to about 10-12 feet and blooms from April to May. It has showy white flowers that attract birds and butterflies. This shrub is considered an invasive plant. I found this shrub the first time I went to Inniswoods, and when I went back I couldn’t find it again!

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c358

Calycantnus occidentalis, also know as California Sweetshrub, is in the family Calycanthaceae. It is native to the U.S. The leaves of this bush have a wine-like fragrance scent and have flowers that appear through spring and summer. It grows between 4-15 feet tall and has a rounded shape. The sweetshurb is pollinated by beetles. This shrub wasn’t that common at Inniswoods.

https://www.thespruce.com/growing-the-california-sweetshrub-3269166

Lonicera sempervirens, also know as as, Honeysuckle, is in the family Caprifoliaceae. Its native range is Southeastern U.S. It grows from 8-15 feet tall and blooms from May to June. It has showy flowers that attracts birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies. It is easily grown in moist, well drained soil. The honeysuckle has been used for digestive disorders, upper respiratory tract and viral bacterial infections. This shrub is extremely common at Inniswoods. I found it everywhere.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d990

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-512/honeysuckle

Rhododendron macrophyllum, also know as Pacific Rhododendron, is in the family Ericeceae. It is native to North America.  It grows upright and has large growing pink/purple flowers. It grows up to 24 feet tall and perfers the shade. This plant is poisonous to sheep when consumed. But is a good food source for the mountain beaver. I only found one of this type of shrub at Inniswoods.

https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/rhomac/all.html

Syringa vulgaris, also known as Lilac, is in the Oleaceae family. It is native to Europe and was introduced to the U.S. in the 18th century. It is an upright shrub that grows 8-15 feet tall. It has fragrant flowers that bloom in May. Lower parts of the branches on this shrub do not have leaves. I only found a couple of the Lilac when walking around.

25 Plants:

Flowering plants:

Allium giganteum, also known as Ornamental Onion, is in the Amaryllidaceae family. It is native from Central Asia. It grows from 3-5 feet and blooms from May to June. It has bulb like purple flowers that give of a fragrant scent. I found this plant all over inniswoods, therefore it was very common.

Zizia aurea, also known as Golden Alexander, is in the Apiaceae family. It is native to Eastern Canada and southern United States. It grows from 1 to 3 feet. It blooms from May to June. It has bright yellow umbel flowers at the top. It grows in moist woods and meadows. Native Americans used the roots of Zizia aurea, to make tea to break fevers. But eating too much of the root can be toxic. I found this plant all over Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=g710

https://www.lakeforest.edu/academics/programs/environmental/courses/es203/zizia_aurea.php

Foeniculum vulgare, also known as Sweet Fennel, is in the Apiaceae family. It is native to the Mediterranean. It grows 4 to 6 feet tall. It tends to bloom yellow flowers in June to July. It requires full sun and medium amount of water. Stem and root rot may occur in poorly drained soils. It is considered an invasive plant. This was very common throughout Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=275990

Cicuta maculata, also known as Water Hemlock, is in the Apiaceae family. It is native to North America. It grows to 3-6 feet tall. This plant prefers full to partial sun and wet soil conditions. This was very common along a stream in Westerville.

Amsonia tabernaemontana, also known as Eastern Bluestar, is in the Apocynaceae family. It is native to central United States. It grows 2-3 feet tall. It blooms in May with pale blue flowers. It has 5 petaled star shaped flowers. It grows in well drained soil in full to partial sun. I only saw this plant in a cluster at one location at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=j320

Convallaria majalis, also known as Lily of the Valley, is in the Asparagaceae family. It is native to Europe but has cultivated over time throughout central North America. It grows low to the ground to about 1 foot tall and blooms white flowers in April. It grows well in shaded areas. Each raceme typically contains 5-10 flowers. This plant contains cardiac glycosides, which is poisonous. There was a huge section of this plant at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c250

Hosta ventricosa, also known as Blue plantain lily, is in the family Asparagaceae. It is native to eastern Asia and China but has been cultivated worldwide. This plant prefers light shade but will grow under different conditions. The leaves form clusters at the base of the plant. A white or purple flower blooms in early fall. Snails and slugs are very attracted to this plant and cause damage to the plant. I found this in multiple places walking around Inniswoods.

https://www.britannica.com/plant/plantain-lily

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=282432

Packera glabella, also known Butterweed, is in the family Asteraceae. It is native to North America. It grows to about 1-3 feet tall. The flowerhead contains 5-15 ray florets that surrounds many disk florets in the middle. It grows in wet to moist conditions. Animals, such as cows and sheep, can get liver damage if it is consumed in bulk. I found this plant all over Inniswoods. It is very common.

https://uswildflowers.com/detail.php?SName=Packera%20glabella

https://davesgarden.com/guides/articles/identifying-wildflowers-packera-glabella-butterweed

http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/wetland/plants/butterweed.htm

Hesperis matronalis, also know as Dames Rocket is in the mustard family, Brassicaceae. It is native to Europe and Central Asia. It has naturalized in many areas of eastern North America. It grows to 1-3 feet tall. It blooms April to May. They can be white, pink or purple in color and flowers grow at the top of the long stem. It prefers full sun to partial shade. Dames rocket is starting to become an invasive plant.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d200

https://sewisc.org/invasives/invasive-plants/63-dames-rocket

Myosotis alpestris, also known as Forget-Me-Not, is in the family Boraginaceae. It is native from Europe and Asia and was introduced to the United States. It grows to about 1 foot tall and blooms from June to August. It has blue flowers with a yellow center. It grows in rich moist soil in full sun to part shade. It can grow in up to 3 inches of standing water. Forget-me-not got its scientific name because the leaves reminded botanists of a mouse’s ear. Myosotis derives from the Greek word for mouse’s ear. This plant is very common at Inniswoods. I found it in many places through out.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a643

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/interesting-forgetmenot-89582.html

Cardamine hirsota, also known as Hairy Bittercress, is in the Cabbage family. It is native to Eurasia and was introduced to North America. Some species of Cardamine are native to the United States. It grows to about 1-2 feet tall and does well in moist, disturbed soils. It has shallow fibrous roots that make it easy to pull out of the ground.

https://www.bbg.org/news/weed_of_the_month_hairy_bittercress

Tradescantia ohiensis, also known as Ohio Spiderwort, is in the Commelinaceae family. It is native to the United States. It grows about 2 to 3 feet tall and blooms in May to July with deep blue flowers. It grows in well drained soil in full sun to part shade. It prefers moist, acidic, sandy soil. The flowers of Ohio Spiderwort shrivel to a fluid jelly when touched in the heat of the day. I only found this plant in a couple places around Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=r820

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=TROH

Erigeron annuus, also known as Annual Fleabane, is in the Daisey famiy, which is in the Asteraceae. It is native to North America. It has several clusters of flowers at the top of the plant with 8- to 125 narrow white rays with a yellow center disk. It grows from 2 to 5 feet tall and blooms in June through October. It prefers sun and grows in many areas including roadsides and fields. I saw this plant in many places at Inniswoods along the trails.

https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/flower/annual-fleabane

Common Valerian, Valeriana officinalis, is in the Honeysuckle family. It is native to Asia and Europe. It grows from 1-4 feet tall and has white or pale pink flowers. It grows from a small rhizome and has fibrous roots. It grows in many locations including grass lands and wooded areas. It is still cultivated today for its medicinal use. This is the only place I found it at Inniswoods. It is very small so I am sure there was more just couldn’t see it.

https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=6580

Iris laevigata, also known as Water Iris, is in the family Iridaceae. It is native to Asia. It can grow up to 30 inces and blooms in late spring to early summer. It has bright purple flowers with long sword shaped leaves. It grows best in acidic, moist, rich soils in full sun to part shade. This plant attracts hummingbirds! If this plant is ingested, it can cause severe discomfort. This plant was in several places around Inniswoods. I have also noticed this plant in several other places around Columbus.

https://www.gardenia.net/plant/iris-laevigata-water-iris

Iris pseudacorus, also known as Yellow Flag Iris, is in the Iridaceae family. It is native from Europe and has naturalized in much of North America. It grows from 3 to 5 feet tall and blooms in May to June. It has bright yellow flowers with long sword shaped leaves. It prefers moist soils, growing along streams, ponds and other water sources. I found this plant located around a pond at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c797

Salvia farinacea, also known as Mealy Sage, is in the Lamiaceae family. It is native to Texas and Mexico. It grows to about 3 feet tall and blooms in May to frost. It has beautiful violet blue flowers that attract butterflies. It is winter hardy and grows well in evenly moist, well drained soils with full sun to part shade. Mealy Sage has been used meat preservatives in the ancient Greece and Rome because it possesses antibacterial properties.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a605

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a605

Small flower lupine, Lupinus, is in the Legume family. It is native to western North America. It grows a little over 1 foot tall with blue, lavender, purple or white flowers that bloom in the spring. It typically grows in meadows, grasslands and prairies. It prefers full sun to grow. I found this plant in a big cluster walking along the trails.

http://calscape.org/Lupinus-bicolor-()

Red clover, Trifolium pratense, is in the legume family. It was introduced from Eurasia as a fodder crop for farm animals and as a cover crop to improve agricultural soil. It grows in all kinds of habbitats including meadows, grassy areas and fields. It blooms from late spring to mid summer. This plant was found all over Inniswoods.

http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/weeds/plants/red_clover.htm

Chinese Peony, Paeonia lactiflora, is in the family Paeoniaceae. It is native to Siberia and Mongolia and has been introduced to North America. It grows to about 3 ft tall or possibly taller and grows in a bush form. It has big beautiful flowers at the tip of the stem that are pink or white in color. Roots from this plant are harvested, dried and made into soup that helps as a woman’s tonic for cramps and other maladies. I only found one od these plants at Inniswoods.

https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/paeonia/lactiflora/

Ranunculus repens, also known as Creeping Buttercup, is in the Rununculaceae family. It is native to Eurasia. It grows to about 1 foot tall and blooms in May to August. It has bright yellow flowers that like wet soils in full sun to part shade. This plant survives being mowed in a lawn! Sap from this plant can cause blisters on some humans. I don’t believe this plant was very common at Inniswoods. I only found it once.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d307

 

Pteridophytes:

Squirrels foot fern, Davallia bullata, is in the Davalliacea family. It is native to Fiji. It grows about 1 to 3 feet tall. It prefers partly shaded areas. It has hairy-scaled surface rhizomes. I found this one plant walking around Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b587

Ostrich fern, Matteuccia struthioptens, is in the Onocleaceae family. It is native to Europe, eastern Asia and eastern North America. It grows from 3 to 6 feet tall and prefers part shade to full shade. It grows well in rich soils with constant moisture. I found this one plant walking around Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=e180

 

Lady fern, Athyrium filix-femina, is in the Dryopteridaceae family. It is native from the Northern temperate regions such as northern North America, Europe and Asia. It grows from 1 to 3 feet tall. It prefers rich, well drained soil in part shade to full shade. I found this in a couple places at Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b630

 

Wood fern, Dryopteris marginalis, is in the Dryopteridaceae family. It is native to North America. It grows from 1 to 2 feet tall. It grows well in average, well drained soil in part shade to full shade. It is a woodland fern which is most often found in shaded crevices of rocky ledges and bluffs. I found this plant in a couple places around Inniswoods.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=k170